Pavone recommends that women who are attempting to conceive start taking a prenatal vitamin even before becoming pregnant. This way, a woman can find one that's more agreeable to her system and stay on it during pregnancy, she said. Another possibility is to take a daily multivitamin, as long as it contains at least 400 micrograms (mcg) per day of folic acid, a B vitamin that's important for preventing birth defects in a baby's brain and spine, Pavone said. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention urges women to take 400 mcg of folic acid every day for at least one month before getting pregnant, to help prevent birth defects. Getting a head start on folic acid supplementation is a good idea because the neural tube develops into the brain and spine three to four weeks after conception occurs, before many women may realize they're expecting.
A woman's weight can also impact the chances of conceiving: Being overweight or underweight may reduce those odds. Research has shown that a woman who is overweight can take twice as long to become pregnant as a woman whose body-mass index (BMI) is considered normal weight, Pavone said. A woman who is underweight might take four times as long to conceive, she said. Having too much body fat produces excess estrogen, which can interfere with ovulation, according to the Cleveland Clinic. A 2017 study suggested that couples in the study in which both partners were very obese, with BMIs of at least 35, took from 55% to 59% longer to become pregnant, compared with couples who were not obese, the researchers reported in the journal Human Reproduction. In a study published in 2020 in the journal PLOS One, researchers looked at data from more than 50,000 couples in China trying to conceive over the course of a year; they found that women's ability to conceive within a given timeframe decreased as their BMI increased. Male obesity, which can disrupt the male endocrine system as well as sperm viability and concentration, can also affect a couple's ability to become pregnant, scientists reported in 2020 in the journal Andrologia. Women who are underweight, with a BMI less than 18, might not be getting regular periods or could stop ovulating, which also hinders their ability to become pregnant, according to the University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Authority.
The "fertile window" spans a six-day interval — the five days prior to ovulation and the day of it, according to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Every month, a woman is most fertile on these days. Many women are turning to new technology tools, such as fertility-tracking apps and websites, to help them keep tabs on when they may be more likely to conceive, but a 2020 review in the journal BMJ Sexual & Reproductive Health suggests that there is limited independent research on their accuracy. In a study published in 2016 in the journal Obstetrics & Gynecology, scientists analyzed 50 popular fertility-tracking websites and apps with a hypothetical woman, and found that the results varied wildly, with many mistakenly tagging days outside of the fertility window, Live Science reported. When a woman has identified that fertility window, should they have sex every day? Research has shown that there hasn't been a big difference in pregnancy rates between couples who had sex every day during the "fertile window" (37%) compared with couples who did it every other day (33%), Pavone said. "And having sex every other day might be easier for a couple to pull off," she added. Researchers evaluated hundreds of fertility and menstruation apps in the Apple app store, particularly for the quality of the app. The app quality score was based on several factors, such as the app’s usability, accuracy of information and tools provided, general features and specific fertility features, they reported in 2019 in the Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada. While 31 of the apps showed serious inaccuracies, a few rose to the top. Here are the top 3 starting with the apps with the highest AQS scores:
Women with regular cycles ovulate about two weeks before the arrival of their periods, Pavone said. It's harder to predict ovulation in women with irregular cycles, but it usually occurs 12 to 16 days before the start of her next period. According to a 2019 paper published in the journal Nature, there is a wide variety in the lengths of cycles of people who menstruate, and the time and duration of ovulation changes over a person's lifetime. This variability means that it is best to monitor ovulation to find out when the person is most likely to conceive. There are several methods women can use to help determine their most fertile days each month. —Home ovulation-prediction kits can reduce the guesswork needed to figure out when a woman is ovulating. Sold at drug stores, the kits test urine for luteinizing hormone, a substance whose levels increase each month during ovulation and cause the ovaries to release an egg. The three days right after a positive test result are the best time for couples to have sex to increase their odds of becoming pregnant, the American Pregnancy Association said. —Another method to predict ovulation is to track cervical mucus, which involves a woman regularly checking both the amount and appearance of mucus in her vagina. Just before ovulation, when a woman is most fertile, the amount of mucus increases, and it becomes thinner, clearer and more slippery, according to the March of Dimes, a nonprofit organization that campaigns for maternal and baby health. When cervical mucus becomes more slippery, it can help sperm make its way to the egg. A study published in 2013 in the journal Fertility and Sterility found that women who checked their cervical mucus consistently were 2.3 times more likely to get pregnant faster, over a six-month period. —Basal body temperature is also a good way to monitor for ovulation. To do this, check your temperature every morning at the same time, before you get out of bed, and keep a chart or record of each day's reading. Why measure this at-rest temperature? Right before a woman ovulates, meaning one of her ovaries is about to release an egg, basal body temperature dips slightly, with an average body temperature of between 97 and 97.5 degrees Fahrenheit (36.1 and 36.4 degrees Celsius), according to the University of Michigan Health System; and then, 24 hours after the release of the egg, your basal body temperature rises and will stay at that level for several days. A woman’s basal body temperature right after ovulation averages between 97.6 and 98.6 F (36.4 and 37 C), the University of Michigan Health System reported. This egg will remain fertile for about 12 to 24 hours after ovulation, the university said. Because your basal temperature change will be slight, it's important to use either a digital thermometer or a special basal thermometer, the university recommended.
A woman who wants to have a baby should monitor whether the first days of her periods tend to occur the same number of days apart every month, which is considered regular. Conversely, her periods may be irregular, meaning her cycle lengths vary from month to month. By tracking this information on a calendar, a woman can better predict when she might be ovulating, which is the time every month when her ovaries will release an egg. There are also some apps that can help with the tracking, such as GlowOvulation period tracker (see below). A woman's egg is fertile for only 12 to 24 hours after its release, according to the American Pregnancy Association. However, a man's sperm can survive in a woman's body for up to five days.
Although knowing a dog with clean, fragrant coat will be more interesting than a dirty, smelly dog. But don’t let that make them bathe too soon! Under 6 weeks of age, the bathing work should be given to the mother dog. We just need to take care of them enough to eat and drink. Because if the puppy is bathed too soon, it is easy to catch a cold. However, his body is still weak right now. When the puppy is 10 or 12 weeks old, start giving it a bath. Not every dog naturally loves bathing. You need to get it used to the dry bath first. After getting used to it, I started to expose her to bath water. When everything is natural, it is not afraid anymore, it can take a bath. Dog fur and skin also come in different varieties. So you need to carefully consider the right shower gel for your puppy. Choosing a shower gel that is too detergent will dry out its skin, creating an opportunity for bacteria and parasites to grow. You should choose a mild shower gel to both clean and care for its skin and fur. You need to prepare a towel, a few toys before bathing the puppy. Drop the toy in the pot to make it happy, not disturbed when bathing. After bathing the puppy, cover it with a towel and then use a hairdryer to dry it. Dry at a warm enough temperature until its fur is completely dry.
After about 6 weeks, you can have your puppy vaccinated. But it should not be more than 9 weeks old! When you go for the first vaccination, you should always deworm your puppy! In addition to making it healthier, it also helps you avoid many risks! You can learn more CBD dog products to prevent some diseases like stress & anxiety, joint & mobility care, and even heart & immune care. 4 to 5 weeks after the first dose, you should give it another rabies shot. These shots need to be done 16 weeks before to ensure the most effective. Dog litter also needs regular cleaning. Keep the dog’s place clean and dry to keep the puppy healthy. If you have free time, take it for a walk and teach your puppy how to recognize the world around him. Teach it as early as possible. A few short walks a day, the puppy will learn a lot of interesting things! Why do I suggest you have her go for walks more. Because at 7 to 16 weeks old is a good time to train as well as for puppies to make new friends. I know that many people feel confused when dealing with their furry friends who have health problems. If you are one of them, don’t worry. Visit HomeoAnimal – your trusted shop for pet remedies. Moreover, this is the place where you can get free advice from specialists to properly treat your pet.
At the time of suckling, the puppies can be very healthy, but after weaning, many puppies get sick or even die! So now you need to pay more attention to it. From daily habits to proper nutrition. When feeding, practice feeding it on time, at the right meal. At the same time, you need to increase the amount of protein-rich foods. Thus, the puppy will have a good immune system and resistance. When you see a puppy refusing to eat, you need to pay special attention. Because it may be having a big health problem! The food for it needs to be just enough and suitable. If you choose the wrong food and nutrition, the puppy will not be able to digest it and lead to anorexia and weight loss. If the condition does not resolve, take it to the doctor.
How to raise a puppy is not an easy thing. You need to pay attention to food, nutrition, as well as ways to prevent disease.
The first step in how to raise a puppy is to learn the characteristics of the puppy first. I always say that newborn puppies are no different from babies. They look so weak and pitiful. If this stage is not well taken care of, it will get sick and die at any time. At least you need to let it live and be healthy first. Then think about training. In the first months, specifically dogs under 4 months old, you need a meticulous and careful care regimen. At this stage, the puppy has already started to itch. So you need to help your puppy in a few ways. Do not keep plastic or iron sticks, which are generally fragile, near it. It will gnaw on all of that and then swallow it. You will never know! A puppy’s digestive system is immature. Such hard objects can cause intestinal perforation or poor digestion. At this point, you just throw it 1 tube bone is okay. It has both a tooth grinder and a play and is safe. By the time the puppy is 5 months old, it has already entered the adult stage. Now is the right time to teach it to be obedient! When entering adulthood, the puppy’s nutrition also needs more attention so that it grows up healthy.
Read more: Paw.com Review – The Best Orthopedic Bed For Your Dog At each age, you need a different way of taking care of your puppy. But in general, every stage needs to be meticulous and careful. In addition, you need to be equipped with knowledge about nutrition and how to prevent and treat diseases for dogs. Here’re some tips for raising a healthy puppy.